Dong-Ui-Bo-Gam, as the representative medical classic of Korea and as a collection of the systematic traditional medicine developed during the period of Han China, played the role of establishing 'the national medical science of Korea'. Based on vast knowledge and experiences, the author Heo Jun made his hypotheses directly related to the actual clinical practices to establish systematic and practical medical study. Dong-Ui-Bo-Gam is categorized into 5 chapters consisted of 25 volumes in total - Nae-Gyeong-Pyeon(internal medicine; 4 volumes), Oe-Hyung-Pyeon(Surgery, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, dermatology, urology; 4 volumes), Jap-Byung-Pyeon(pathology, diagnostics, allopathy, fist aid, infectious disease, gynecology, pediatrics; 11 volumes), Tang-Aek-Pyeon(clinical pharmacy; 3 volumes), Chim-Gu-Pyeon(acupuncture and moxibustion; one volume), with 2 volumes of contents table. Its headings are organized in a way that most often-found diseases are listed first, and the according prescriptions and causes are described in detail. Also, the prescriptions contain detailed descriptions and their sources, some of which covers folk medicines to maximize effects of treatments.

«Go-sa-Chwal-Yo(攷事撮要) Jab-yong-sok-bang-Pyon(雜用俗方篇)»

Go-Sa-Chwal-Yo is the classic by Eo, Suk-Gwon in the year of 1554(King Myeong-Jong, 9th) that is an omnibus book from diplomacy of Chosun Dynasty to generally known common senses. It had republished even 12 times with several remarkable amendments from the first edition to the 12th, Go-Sa-Sin-Seo by Seo, Myeong-Eung in 1771(King Yeong-Jo, 47th). The appendices of the edition in the year of 1743(King Yeong-Jo, 19th) featured Jap-Yong-Sok-Bang-Pyeon (Editions of folkish formulae for various disease) that is composed of "empirical formulae for general disease" such as "formulae for smallfox," "formulae for epidemic disease," "formulae for febrile disease," "formulae for heatstroke," "pill preparations of multiherbal formulae," "formulae for emergency," "alcohol preparation," and miscellaneous daily folkish formulae. Thus, it depicts whereabout of medicinal drugs and herbal medicine of that era.

«Go-Sa-Sin-Seo(攷事新書) Yee-Yak-Moon(醫藥門)»

Go-Sa-Sin-Seo is the remarkably amended book from Eo, Suk-Kwon's Go-Sa-Chwal-Yo by Seo, Myeong-Eung in 1771(King Yeong-Jo, 47th). It recorded the essences from high-ranking officials to Govt. administrators and the general academics. It is consisted of 12 categories. One of those categories are wrintings of daily remedies with nine volumes of miscellaneous disease treatments and daily folkish remedies, and another are writings of medicines with diverse clinical records. It illustrates people at that era obtained the common senses on medicinal drugs and herbal medicine.

«Jeung-Bo-San-Lim-Gyeong(增補山林經濟) Koo-Geub-Pyon(救急篇)»

Go-Sa-Sin-Seo is a revision of Go-Sa-Chal-Yo, edited to contain common senses that are useful in daily life. Jeong-Bo-San-Lim-Gyeong-Je is an expanded edition of San-Lim-Gyeong-Je which provides general information related to rural communities. Its medicine-related chapters are Jab-Yong-Sok-Bang-Pyeon, Ui-Yak-Moon, and Gu-geup-Pyeon. They contain treatments descriptions on epidemics including the most-dreaded smallpox and more often found diseases such as acute gastroenteritis, dysentery, malaria, food poisoning, trauma, burn, and frostbite. Also, it is noteworthy that much useful first aid information is recorded.


Ma-Jin-Gi-Bang initiated the research on the measles and its treatments from 1759(King Yeong-Jo, 35th) with mainly oral dictations, possibly releashed in the later century. About the measles, the various, physical condions and symptoms such as "early pain," "appearance of spots," "disappearance of spots," "middle appearance," "afereffects of fever," "remaining symptoms," and so on were explained throughly with each treatments.


Ma-Jin-Pyeon is the specialized classic about the measles by Yoo, Yi-Tae, the noted doctor, in 1786(King Jeong-Jo, 10th). Only its copies had been succeeded, until the release by Park, Ju-Heon, at Jin-Ju city of Kyeong-Sang Southern province in 1931. It covers all symptoms and conditions from the early stage to the end of the measles, and preventive, precautionary measures.


The three are medical documents dealing with the measles. They record treatment methods at various stages of measles with preventive measures. Ma-Gwa-Hoe-Tong, considered as the greatest authority in the study of the measles, contains extensive detailed examinations and treatments of the measles based on dozens of classic medical books from Korea and China, with a full description of the vaccination developed by Edward Jenner in addition. What is recorded in the three documents was a large leap in the measles treatments. Such advancement must have been possible due to the fact that the measles were the deadliest disease at the period of time A general medical text which seems to a collection of what the author considered important from Nae-Gyeong-Pyun and Oe-Hyeong-Pyeon of Dong-Ui-Bo-Gam. It contains descriptions of characteristics of separate body parts/organs, prescriptions and treatments of disorders the body parts may acquire, emphasizing the importance of careful examinations of each part of the body before prescribing treatments. Also, it describes methods of distinguishing, from interpreting colors of one's face, body parts that are suffering from diseases.


Dan-Gok-Kyeong-Heom-Bang-Cho has only one volume with unknown author and the published date. The author excerpted his/her selections from internal and external organs of Dong-Eui-Bo-Gam. The author explained the features of the body parts, recorded the related diseases of those body parts with treatments. "mono-herbal formulae" was coined for this kind of diseases.


Geup-Yu-Bang is the first pediatrics-specialized medical text in Korea which, although some materials are from the Chinese medical books, is rather original in a sense that much of the author's own opinions and examples from his experiences are also added to it. It claims people from the northern and the southern land suffer from different diseases - even in small country such as Korea, pointing out the importance of actual treatment experiences in different areas. It is of great value in terms of practicality in that it lists not only diseases a newborn child may experience such as convulsion, the measles, and small pox, but it also has instructions on feeding and bathing children.


Pediatrics-specialized text consisted of only 283 prescriptions. The author, Choe Gyu-Heon, had organized the contents in a way that they do not duplicate contents of the classic treatments and deal with more common symptoms such as indigestion, ascarid, and cold, therefore easy enough to understood by common people.


Dong-Eui-Su-Se-Bo-Won is the unique classic of Korean traditional medicinal classics with distinctive theory, called that categorizes the human being with four different types of bodies by Yi, Je-Ma in 1894(King Go-Jong, 31th). "Dong-Eui(east medicine)" from the book title distinguished "Eui-Ga(medical scholar)" from Chinese medicine, "Su-Se" meant to extend the all human being's life span, and "Bo-Won" for preservation of "Su-Se" teaching. "Sa-Sang-Eui-Hak(Medical theory on four characters)" differentiates the human body habitudes with Tae-Yang(Large Positive), So-Eum(Small Negative), So-Yang(Small Positive), and Tae-Eum(Large Negative). It emphasizes the proper treatments and medicinal drug selections should take in place for a disease to different body habitudes.

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